Butterflies of Kashmir

Vincent Kollar, a famous nineteenth-century entomologist, published the first monograph on the Butterflies of Kashmir* in 1840.

Further lists compiled by British army officers in the late nineteenth century compared with recent studies reveal the 20 butterfly species most commonly found in the Kashmir valley.

The Bath White
The Blue Admiral
The Blue Pansy
The Brimstone
The Common Beak
The Common Copper
The Common Yellow Swallowtail
The Dark Clouded Yellow
The Great Satyr
The Himalayan Silverstripe
The Indian Fritillary
The Indian/Small Cabbage White
The Indian/Small Tortoiseshell
The Large Cabbage White
The Painted Lady
The Pale Clouded Yellow
The Pea Blue
The Plain Tiger
The Queen of Spain Fritillary
The Red Admiral

Over the years I have photographed most of these butterflies along with other not-so-common species across the valley .

WHITES AND YELLOWS [PIERIDAE]

The Bath White

The Pale Clouded Yellow

The Small Cabbage White

The Common Grass Yellow

The Large Cabbage White

The Brimstone

The Kashmir Arrowhead / Himalayan Blackvein

The Dark Clouded Yellow

BRUSH-FOOTED BUTTERFLIES [NYMPHALIDAE]

A. FRITILLARIES

The Indian Fritillary

The Dark Green Fritillary

The Indian Tortoiseshell

The High Brown Fritillary

The Himalayan Silverstripe

The Large Tortoiseshell

The Queen of Spain Fritillary

B. ARISTOCRATS

The Blue Admiral

The Peacock

The Plain Tiger

The Lidder White Admiral

The Rusty Sailer

The Painted Lady

The Painted Lady is the most widespread butterfly in the world and routinely migrates thousands of kilometres every year especially in the palearctic zone to which Kashmir belongs.

BROWNS [SATYRIDAE]

The Great Satyr

The Common Satyr

The Narrow-banded Satyr

The Dusky Meadow Brown

The White-edged Rock Brown

COPPERS AND BLUES [LYCAENIDAE]

The Hill Hedge Blue

The Pea Blue

The Common Blue

The Pale Grass Blue

The Pale Grass Blue

The Himalayan Meadow Blue

The Common Copper

The White-bordered Copper

The Brown Argus

The Common Argus

NETTLE-TREE FAMILY [LIBYTHEIDAE]

The Common Beak

SWALLOWTAILS AND APOLLOS [PAPILIONIDAE]

The Common Yellow Swallowtail


[Image Courtesy Wikipedia]

SKIPPERS [HESPERIIDAE]

The Himalayan Swift

Corrections and suggestions are welcome.

*Upon being jilted by his fiancee, Charles von Hügel, an Austrian nobleman, decided to embark upon an exploratory grand tour of Asia. His experiences are recorded in a four-volume work : Kaschmir und das Reich der Siek. The second volume described Kashmir’s history, geography and resources; and in 1848, the Royal Geographical Society awarded von Hügel its Patron’s Medal, “for his enterprising exploration of Cashmere.”

On his return, von Hügel handed over his extensive collection of natural specimens to the foremost specialists of his day. The celebrated Munich zoologist, A. Wagner, described the ‘Mammals of Cashmere‘ from these specimens while Vincent Kollar, a famous entomologist published a the first monograph on the ‘Butterflies of Kashmir‘.

[The Common Yellow Swallowtail image is reproduced courtesy of Wikipedia. All other images © Dr. Bakshi Jehangir. All rights reserved. Unauthorized reproduction is not permitted.]